Crime and tort both are wrongful act. But two have many distinctions. Some main distinctions are given below:
- In tort general domain of law is civil law whereas crime is criminal.
- Tort is an infringement or provision of private right or civil right belonging to an individual’s (injury against the individual) whereas crime is a breach of public rights and duties, which affect entire community.
- In torts (civil case) the parties are known as plaintiff and defendant whereas in criminal case parties are known as complainant and accused.
- In tort the wrong doer has to compensate the injured party whereas in crime, wrong doer punished by the state in the interest of society.
- In tort the action is brought about by the injured party himself whereas in crime the proceedings are conducted in the name of state.
- In tort damages are paid for compensating the injured whereas I crime the accused in a proceeding is fine or punishment by the state.
- The damages in tort are un-liquidated whereas in crime punishment or fine is liquidated.
- The offence of tort is private interest only and victim is injured whereas the offence of crime to all society; public interest.
- In tort category of responsibility is liability whereas in crime responsibility is guilt.
- In case of torts permissible appeals by the defendant or plaintiff whereas in crime appeals by the defendant only.
- In case of tort damages generally given by money whereas in crime it can be fine or punishment or both.